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Object Oriented Programming

So, the object-oriented programming model is based around the concepts of objects, classes and messages. An object is essentially a black box that contains internal state information. You send an object a message which causes the object to perform some operation. Objects are defined and described through classes.

One aspect of an object is that you do not have to know what is inside - or how it works - to be able to use it. From a programming point of view, this is very handy. You can develop a series of objects for someone to use. If you need to change what goes on inside, the users of the objects should be unaware.

Another aspect of objects is that of inheritance. You can build up new classes from existing classes by inheriting the existing class's functionality and then extending the new definition. For example, you can define a tool class (with various attributes) and then go about creating object instances tool-1, tool-2, and so on. You can also create new sub-classes of the tool class like power-tool. This is also very handy because you don't have to re-implement something if you can build it up from existing code.

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